Damselfishes
family Pomacentridae

There are about 30 species of damselfishes or demoiselles worldwide. 11 genera and 46 species have been found locally.

Damselfishes are generally small. There are some drab coloured algal feeders but most are small, brightly coloured reef dwellers who live close to the substrate which provides shelter and nesting sites. They are very territorial and will aggressively protect their patch. One or both partners clears a nest site then begins a courtship display. Eggs are attached to the bottom by means of adhesive strands and are guarded by the male. after a few days the larvae rise to the surface and are carried away by currents .

Colours vary between adults and juveniles but there is generally not much difference between sexes except a breeding time. Males guarding eggs may show unusual colours.

Damselfishes have a varied diet including, invertebrates, plankton and algae.

Abudefduf vaigiensis, sergeant major Abudefduf whitleyi, whitley's sergeant
Amphiprion akindynos, barrier reef anemonefish Amphiprion latezonatus, blue-lip anemonefish Amphiprion latezonatus, blue-lip anemonefish
Chromis hypsilepis, one-spot puller Chromis margaritifer, bicolour chromis Chromis nitida, yellow-back puller
Chrysiptera flavipinnis, yellow-finned damsel Dascyllus reticulatus, reticulated dascyllus Dascyllus trimaculatus, three-spot dascyllus
Mecaenichthys immaculatus, immaculate damsel Mecaenichthys immaculatus, immaculate damsel Neopomacentrus azysron, yellowtail demoiselle
Parma microlepis, white-ear Parma oligolepis, big-scale parma Parma polylepis, banded parma
Parma unifasciata, girdled parma Parma unifasciata, girdled parma Plectroglyphidodon dickii, Dick's damsel Plectroglyphidodon lacrymatus, jewel damsel Plectroglyphidodon leucozonus, white-banded damsel
Pomacentrus australis, australian damsel Pomacentrus bankanensis, speckled damsel Pomacentrus coelestis, neon damsel Pomacentrus nagasakiensis, blue-scribbled damsel  
Stegastes apicalis, yellow-tipped gregory Stegastes gascoynei, gold-belly gregory