Wrasses family Labridae

The wrasse family is very large with over 60 genera and 400 species worldwide . There are at least 30 genera and 75 species found at Julian Rocks making it one of the biggest local families.

Wrasses generally have elongate bodies, with a terminal mouth usually with thick lips and protruding canine teeth. The wrasse family covers a large size range from the very large blue gropers down to tiny cleaner wrasse.

Wrasses often show distinct colour forms within a species which vary according to age and gender. Juveniles usually become female first (sometimes referred to as "initial phase" or IP). A single male ("terminal phase" or TP) often lives with a group of females. If the male disappears, a dominant female, will change sex and take over. Males or often very colourful, for example the brilliantly coloured blue groper is a male, whereas the females of that species are brownish.

Males are territorial and will aggressively guard their females from neighbouring males. Spawning may be in pairs or groups

All wrasses are carnivores, most wrasses are benthic feeders, preying on a variety of invertebrates; a few eat zooplankton, some pick parasites from other fishes.
All wrasses are diurnal and hide at night either by burying themselves in the sand or wedging themselves in crevices. They are generally bottom dwellers found on rocky or coral reefs

Achoerodus viridis, eastern blue groper Achoerodus viridis, eastern blue groper Anampses caeruleopunctatus, blue-spotted wrasse
Anampses femininus, blue-tail wrasse
Anampses femininus, blue-tail wrasse Anampses geographicus, geographic wrasse, olive-green wrasse Anampses meleagrides, yellowtail wrasse white spotted wrasse, speckled wrasse
Anampses neoguinaicus, new guinea wrasse, black-back wrasse Bodianus axillaris, coral hogfish, axil pigfish Bodianus axillaris, coral hogfish, axil pigfish
Bodianus diana, Diana's hogfish Bodianus perditio, gold-spot pigfish Bodianus perditio, gold-spot pigfish
Bodianus perditio, gold-spot pigfish Cheilinus bimaculatus, two-spot maori wrasse Cheilinus chlorourus, floral wrasse
Choerodon graphicus, graphic tuskfish Choerodon schoenleinii, black-spot tuskfish Cirrhilabrus punctatus, dotted wrasse, finespot wrass, blackfinned wrasse
Coris aygula, clown coris Coris batuensis, variegated wrasse Coris bulbifrons, double header
Coris dorsomaculata, pink-lined coris Coris gaimard, Gaimard's wrasse Coris gaimard, Gaimard's wrasse
Coris picta, comb wrasse Coris sandageri, eastern king wrasse Eupetrichthys angustipes, snakeskin wrasse Halichoeres chrysus, yellow wrasse Halichoeres chrysus, yellow wrasse
Halichoeres hartzfeldi, orange-line wrasse Halichoeres hortulanus, checkerboard wrasse, Halichoeres nebulosus, clouded wrasse,
Halichoeres prosopeion, twotone wrasse Hemigymnus fasciatus, fiveband wrasse five-banded wrasse >Hologymnosus annulatus, ring wrasse Labroides dimidiatus, blue-streak cleaner wrasse
Macropharyngodon choati, Choat's wrasse Macropharyngodon kuiteri, Kuiter's wrasse Macropharyngodon kuiteri, Kuiter's wrasse Macropharyngodon meleagris, leopard wrasse
Notolabrus gymnogenis, crimson banded wrasse Notolabrus gymnogenis, crimson banded wrasse Notolabrus gymnogenis, crimson banded wrasse Novaculichthys taeniourus, reindeer wrasse, Novaculichthys taeniourus, reindeer wrasse,
Ophthalmolepis lineolata, maori wrasse Pseudojuloides cerasinus, smalltail wrasse pencil wrasse Pseudolabrus guentheri, Gunther's wrasse Pteragogus enneacanthus, cockerel wrasse Stethojulis bandanensis, Red-spot Wrasse
Stethojulis bandanensis, Red-spot Wrasse painted rainbow wrasse Thalassoma amblycephalum, bluntheaded wrassetwo-tone wrasse Thalassoma jansenii, Jansen's wrasse Thalassoma lunare, moon wrasse
Thalassoma lutescens, yellow moon wrasse, green moon wrasse Xyrichtys sp. leaf wrasse      
Parrotfishes
family Scarridae
Scarus chameleon, chameleon parrotfish Scarus ghobban, blue-barred parrotfish Scarus ghobban, blue-barred parrotfish
ember parrotfish