If you think scientific names are difficult or confusing, that's probably because nobody ever bothered to explain the system to you. Its really quite easy and very useful. Its unambiguous, and gets better result from search engines.....
plants and animals are known by at least 2 names, one scientific
name, and one or more common names. Scientific names were first
introduced in the sixteenth century by Jean and Gaspard Bauhin,
Swiss brothers who were botanists. Each kind of plant or animal
has a two part name, just as we do. One part of the name is shared
by a related group of similar kinds of things, the second part
of the name applies to individuals. The Bauhin brothers used Greek
and Latin names, because they were the languages which, in those
days, educated people used. The good news is that you don’t
need to master either of these languages. Just a few words are
used often. There’s a cheat sheet available. Scientific names are usually either simple descriptions
or honour a person.
on this system of naming, Carl Linnaeus, an eighteenth century
Swedish botanist, developed a system of classifying all living
organisms. Now known as Linnaean taxonomy, this provides a logical,
unambiguous and internationally used system of naming organisms.
Kingdom - Phylum - Class - Order - Genus - Species.
Members of the same species are sufficiently alike that they can interbreed. Organisms are given a two-part name which denotes their genus and species. The genus name always begins with a capital letter and the species name with a small one.
We are named and classified as follows :-
= Animalia (animals, not plants).
So the correct name for modern man is “Homo sapiens”. The origins of the words are Latin, homo meaning man or human and sapiens meaning intelligent. This name was assigned by Linnaeus in 1758. Names and dates of the first person to describe a species are still retained.
is an example shows the benefits of using proper names. Regular
summer visitors to Julian Rocks are some large and beautiful spotted
sharks. Their scientific name is Stegostoma fasciatum and there
is no confusion over that. Here they are called leopard sharks,
however, in some parts of the world they are called zebra sharks.
To add to the confusion, in the US, the name leopard shark is
given to a completely different animal, Triakis semifasciata.